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Before a case is filed in court, the prosecution has control over the following:
- What case to file
- Whom to prosecute
- The manner of prosecution
- The right to withdraw the case before arraignment even without notice and hearing.
After a case is filed in court, the court has control over the following:
- The suspension of arraignment
- Prosecution by the prosecutor
- Downgrading of the offense or dropping of the accused even before plea